Gazelle Bulletin

About the Gazelle Bulletin & the Author and Webmaster

Mammals in Palestine and the Book "Mammalia Arabica"

Wild Cats in Palestine

Leopards in Palestine

Birds of Palestine

Land & Marine Invertebrates and the Book "Aquatica Arabica"

Indigenous Animals

Diversity of Life

Extinct  and Endangered Animals and Reintroduction

Environmental Affairs 1

Environmental Affairs 2 and Dinosaurs

Nature Conservation

Fossils and Zoos

Favorite Links

Guest Book and References


Guest Book
I hope you have enjoyed surfing in my Palestinian Scientific Web Site.
I will be delighted if you leave your comments, which will be added to my guest book.
Thank you for the visit, and I hope to see you again. Salam Alaikum. Alhamdu Lilahi Rabi Alalamien.

Where are
you from:

Hundreds of References were used throught the years. Some selected ones will be listed here:

Aharoni,B.(1932).Die Muriden von Palaestina und Syrien.Berlin.
Aharoni,J.(1930).Die Saeugetiere Palaestinas.Zeit.Saeugetierk.Berlin.
Ahmad,Haider(Editor).(1978).Mammals:Many Questions,Few Answers.The Kuwaiti Digest.Kuwait Oil Company,Ahmadi.Kuwait.
Al-dabagh,Mustafa Murad(1985).The Plant and Animal Kingdoms in our Land Palestine,and its relation to the Names of Sites.Beirut.(in Arabic).
Al-Gassani,Gitrif ibn Qudama(8.Jahrhundert).Die Beizvoegel.Olms.
Allen,G.M.(1915).Mammals obtained by the Phillips Palestine Expedition.Harvard.
Alon,A.(1969).The Natural History of the Land of the Bible.Jerusalem.
Al-Robaae,Khalaf(1971).Notes on a Blue Whale (Balaenoptera musculus) skeleton in Natural History Museum,Kuwait.Iraq.
Al-Robaae,Khalaf(1974).Tursiops aduncus bottle nose dolphin:a new record for Arab Gulf;with notes on Cetacea of the region.Basrah.Iraq.
Al-Robaae,Khalaf(1982).The Common Rorqual (Balaenoptera physalus):A New Record for the Arab Gulf.Basrah.Iraq.
Al-Sarawi,Mohammad;Gundlach,Erich R. and Baca,Bart J.(1985).Sesitivity of Coastal Environments and Wildlife to Spilled Oil,Kuwait:An Atlas of Shoreline Types and Resources.Geology Department,Kuwait University and Research Planning Institute,USA.
Al-Shafee,D.M.,Yuosef,M.,Al-Melhim,W.N.,Amr,Z.S.(1997).The Status of the Stone Marten,Martes foina syriaca (Nehring,1902) in Jordan.Zoology in the Middle East.
Amr,Z.S.,Kalishaw,G.,Yosef,M.,Chilcot,B.J.,Al-Budari,A.(1996).Carnivores of Dana Nature Reserve (Carnivora:Canidae,Hyaenidae and Felidae),Jordan.Zoology in the Middle East.
Anon(1945).Further notes on Palestine Mammals.Bull.Jerusalem Nat.Club.
Anon(1946).The Schmitz Collection of Mammals.Bull.Jerusalem Nat.Club.
Anon(1946).The story of Tedi,the Palestine Leopard.Bull.Jerusalem Nat.Club.
Araf,Dr.Shukri(1992).Palestinian Sites between two Eras and Maps.Jerusalem.(in Arabic).
Atallah,S.I.(1966) Boyd,J.M. International Jordan Expedition 1966.Nature.London.
Atallah,S.I.(1967).International Jordan Expedition 1966.IBP/CT Section,London,Mammalogy.
Atallah,S.I.(1967).A collection of Mammals from El Jafr,Southern Jordan.Zeit.fuer Saeugetierk.
Atallah,S.I.(1967).A new species of Spiny Mouse (Acomys) from Jordan.J.Mamm.
Atallah,S.I.(1967).A new subspecies of the golden spiny mouse Acomys russatus (Wagner) from Jordan.Univ.Connecticut Occas.Papers.
Atallah,S.I.(1970).Bats of the genus Myolis (Vespertilionidae) in Lebanon.Univ.Connecticut Occas.Papers(Biol.Ser.).
Atallah,S.I.(1977).The small Mammals of the eastern Mediterranean Region:their Ecology,Systematics and Zoogeographical Relationships.Saeugetierk.Mitteilungen 25:241-320.
Atallah,S.I.(1978).The small Mammals of the eastern Mediterranean Region:their Ecology,Systematics and Zoogeographical Relationships.Saeugetierk.Mitteilungen 26:1-50.
Atallah,Dr.Sana Issa.Children for the Protection of Nature in Palestine.Home Page.
Atallah,S.I. and Harrison,D.L.(1967).New records of rodents,bats and insectivores from the Arabian peninsula.J.Zool.London.
Atallah,S.I. and Harrison,D.L.(1968).On the conspecificity of Allactaga euphratica Thomas,1881 and Allactaga williamsi Thomas,1897,(Rodentia:Dipodidae) with a complete list of subspecies.Mamm.(Paris).
Atrash,Imad(1999).Important Bird Areas in Palestine.Children for the Protection of Nature in Palestine&BirdLife International(Middle East)&Palestinian Environmental Authority.(In Arabic).
Bahat,Ofer(1987).Raptor Nesting in Israel.Israel-Land and Nature.
Bardtke,Hans(1955).Zu Beiden Seiten des Jordans:Bilder zur Landeskunde Palaestinas.Berlin.
Basson,P.W;Burchard,Jr.J.E;Hardy,J.T;Price,A.R.G.(1981).Biotopes of the Western Arabian Gulf.Aramco.Dhahran,Saudi Arabia.
Bates,P.J.,Harrison,D.L.(1989).New records of small mammals from Jordan.Bonner Zool.Beitr.
Baumberger,Georg.Im Banne von drei Koeniginnen.1.Band:Palaestina.Einsiedeln,Waldshut,Coeln am Rhein.
Ben-Tuvia,A.(1953).Mediterranean Fishes of Israel.Haifa.
Ben-Tuvia,A.(1957).Pelagic fisheries in Israel.
Ben-Tuvia,A.(1971).Revised List of the Mediterranean Fishes of Israel.Israel Journal of Zoology.
Ben-Tuvia,A.(1976).Fish Collections from the Eastern Mediterranean,the Red Sea and Inland waters of Israel.Zoological Museum,The Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
Ben-Tuvia,Adam(1983).Tuna and Mackerel in Israel Coastal Waters.Israel-Land and Nature.
Bird,F.W.(1946).The Hyaena in Palestine.Bull.Jerusalem Nat.Club.
Blake,I.(1966).A Leopard in the wilderness of Judea,Jordan.Switzerland.
Blake,I.(1967).Dead Sea sites of "the utter wilderness".London News.
Bodenheimer,F.S.(1930).Schaedlingsfauna Palaestinas.Berlin.
Bodenheimer,F.S.(1934).The Bee World.
Bodenheimer,F.S.(1935).Animal Life in Palestine:An Introduction to the Problems of animal Ecology and Zoogeography.L.Mayer Pub.Jerusalem.
Bodenheimer,F.S.(1958).The present taxonomic status of the terrestrial mammals of Palestine.Bull.Res.Council Israel Zool.
Bodenheimer,F.S.(1960).Animals and Man in Bible Lands.Leiden.
Britain/Israel Public Affairs Committee(1985).Desert panthers.BBC Wildlife Magazine.
Buerger,M.;Sedlag,U.und Zieger,R.(1986).Tiere im Zoo.Leipzig,Jena,Berlin.
Carruthers,D.(1909).Big Game of Syria,Palestine and Sinai.Field.London.
Cheesman,R.E.(1926).In Unknown Arabia.London.
Clark,Bill(1987).The White Oryx Antelope.Israel Land and Nature.
Clayton,David(Editor).(1983).Kuwait's Natural History.Kuwait Oil Company.Kuwait.
Cohen,Tova(2000).Israel's desert leopards fight extinction.Reuters Limited.Date:25/7/2000.The Times of India Online.
Corkill,N.L.(1929).On the occurrence of the Cheetah(Acinonyx jubatus)in Iraq.Bombay.
Courtenay-Latimer,M.(1979).My story of the first Coelacanth.In"The Biology and Physiology of the Living Coelacanth".Occasional Papers of the California Academy of Sciences.
Dalman,Gustaf(1928-1942).Arbeit und Sitte in Palaestina I:Jahreslauf und Tageslauf 1.Haelfte:Herbst und Winter 1928, 2.Haelfte:Fruehling und Sommer 1928. II:Der Ackerbau 1932. III:Von der Ernte zum Mehl.Ernten,Dreschen,Worfeln,Sieben,Verwahren,Mahlen 1933. IV:Brot,Oel und Wein 1935. V:Webstoff,Spinnen,Weben,Kleidung 1937. VI:Zeltleben,Vieh-und Milchwirtschaft,Jagd,Fischfang 1939. VII:Das Haus,Huehnerzucht,Taubenzucht,Bienenzucht 1942.
Dalman,Gustaf(1930).Jerusalem und sein Gelaende.
Dolan,J.M.(1975).The Arabian Oryx Oryx leucoryx:its destruction,captive history and propagation.International Zoo Yearbook.
Educational Activities in:The World of Wild Birds.Palestine Wildlife Society&BirdLife International(Middle East).Beit Sahour,Palestine.(in Arabic).
Elias,J.(1980).An interesting European fish Phoxinus phoxinus.Tropical Fish Hobby.
Elliman,Wendy and Dr.Ortal,Reuven.Flora and Fauna in Israel.Focus on Israel.Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs Home Page.
Eshbol,Yossi(1995).Wild Land.Ministry of Defence,Israel.(in Hebrew)
Eshbol,Yossi und Uzi Paz.Voegel im Land der Bibel.Herzlia.
Eylon,Lili(1998).A Modern Noah's Ark.Israel Magazine-On-Web.
Fisher,James;Simon,Noel and Vincent,Jack(1970).The Red Book:Wildlife in Danger.London.
Fowler,H.W. and H.Steinitz(1956).Fishes from Cyprus,Iran,Iraq,Israel and Oman.Bulletin of the Research Council of Israel.
France,Peter;Hosking,E.;Hosking,D.(1986).An Encyclopedia of Bible Animals.London & Sydney.
Friedrich der Zweite(13.Jahrhundert).De arte venandi cum avibus.Kommentar von Carl Arnold Willemsen.Graz 1969.
Friedrich der Zweite(13.Jahrhundert).Ueber die Kunst mit Voegeln zu jagen.Mitarbeit von Dagmar Odenthal und C.A.Willemsen(hrsg.).Frankfurt 1964,1970.
Furrer,Dr.Konrad(1891).Wanderungen durch das Heilige Land.Zuerich.
Gabbay,Shoshana(2001).Nature Conservation in Israel.Focus on Israel.Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs Home Page.
Glueck,N.(1934-1951).Explorations in Eastern Palestine I-IV.
Golani,D.(1987).On Deep-Water Sharks caught off the Mediterranean Coast of Israel.Israel Journal of Zoology.
Goren,M.(1974).The Freshwater Fishes of Israel.Israel Journal of Zoology.
Griver,Simon.(2001)Reintroducing Biblical Wildlife.Focus on Israel.Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs Home Page.
Grzimek,Bernhard(Editor).(1972).Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia.New York.
Gubanov,E.P. and Shleib,N.A.(Editors).(1980).Sharks of the Arabian Gulf.Ministry of Public Works,Kuwait.
Guenther,A.(1864).Report on a collection of Reptiles and Fishes from Palestine.London.
Gotch,A.F.(1979).Mammals-Their Latin Names Explained.Dorset,England.
Hardy,Eric(1940).A Handbook (Handlist) of the Birds of Palestine.G.H.Q.,Middle East Forces.
Hardy,E.(1947).The Palestine Leopard.London.
Hardy,E.(1947).The Biblical Coney.Zoo Life.
Harrington,Jr,F.A.(Editor)(1977).A Guide to the Mammals of Iran.Department of the Environment.Tehran.
Harrison,David L.(1964).The Mammals of Arabia.Volume 1.London.
Harrison,David L.(1968).The Mammals of Arabia.Volume 2.London.
Harrisson,David L.(1972).The Mammals of Arabia.Volume 3.London.
Harrison,David L.(1981).Mammals of the Arabian Gulf.London.
Harrison,David L.(1983).The Mammals of Oman.Muscat,Oman.
Harrison,D.L. and Lewis,R.E.(1964).A Note on the Occurrence of the Weasel (Mustela nivalis Linnaeus,1766)(Carnivora:Mustelinae) in Lebanon.Zeit.fuer Saeugetierk.
Harrison,D.L.,Bates,P.J.(1991).The Mammals of Arabia.Harrison Zoological Museum,Kent.
Hatmann-von Monakow,Lore und Naftali Rosenan.(1977).Wasser in Israel.Zuerich.
Hatt,R.T.(1959).The mammals of Iraq.Museum of Zoology,Univ.of Michigan.
Hufnagl,E.(1972).Libyan Mammals.Cambridge.
Hunke,Dr.Sigrid(1969).Allah Sonne Ueber dem Abendland.Unser Arabisches Erbe.Beirut.(in Arabic).
Ilani,Giora(1980).The Leopards of the Judean Desert.Israel-Land and Nature.
Ilani,Giora(1986).The Life and Times of Humibaba the leopard.Israel-Land and Nature.
Ilani,Giora(1991).Leopards in the Judean Desert:Fighting for Survival (Part1).Israel Land and Nature.
Ilani,Giora and Shalmon,Benny(1985).More Leopards!(in Wildlife News).Israel-Land and Nature.
Jennings,Michael C.(1981).Birds of the Arabian Gulf.London.
Kedar,Benjamin Z.(1999).The Changing Land between the Jordan and the Sea:Aerial photographs from 1917 to the present.Ministry of Defence,Israel.
Khalaf,N.A.(1983).Leopards in Palestine.Kuwait University,Kuwait.(in Arabic).
Khalaf,N.A.(1983).Order Lagomorpha in Palestine.Gazelle.No.1.(in Arabic).
Khalaf,N.A.(1983).The Pine Bunting in Palestine.Gazelle.No.1.(in Arabic).
Khalaf,N.A.(1983).The Honey Badger (Mellivora capensis) in the Arabian Peninsula.Gazelle.No.2.(in Arabic).
Khalaf,N.A.(1983).The Brown Bear in Palestine and the rest of the Arabian Peninsula.Gazelle.No.3.(in Arabic).
Khalaf,N.A.(1984).The Fennec: The Desert Fox (Fennecus zerda).Gazelle.No.4.(in Arabic).
Khalaf,N.A.(1984).The Long-eared Hedgehog (Hemiechinus auritus) in the Arabian Peninsula.Gazelle.No.5.(in Arabic).
Khalaf,N.A.(1984).The Palestine Bulbul.Gazelle.No.5.(in Arabic).
Khalaf,N.A.(1985).The Arabian Ostrich.Gazelle.No.6.(in Arabic).
Khalaf,N.A.(1985).Activity Patterns and Sexual Behaviour of Snow Leopards, Panthera uncia (Schreber,1775), at Jersey Wildlife Preservation Trust, Jersey Island.Gazelle.No.7.
Khalaf,N.A.(1986).A List of the Birds of Palestine.Gazelle.No.8.
Khalaf,N.A.(1986).The Dabchick (Tachybaptus ruficollis): A New Record in Van Mildert Pond, Durham City, North East England.Gazelle.No.8.
Khalaf,N.A.(1986).The Schooling of Fishes.Gazelle.No.9.
Khalaf,N.A.(1986).The Fish Fauna in Van Mildert Pond, Durham City, North East England.Gazelle.No.9.
Khalaf,N.A.(1986).The Siberian Tiger (Panthera tigris altaica) in Saarbruecken Zoo, Germany.Gazelle.No.10.
Khalaf,N.A.(1987).The Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) in Saarbruecken Zoo, Germany.Gazelle.No.11.
Khalaf,N.A.(1987).The Sinai Leopard (Panthera pardus jarvisi) in Palestine.Gazelle.No.12.
Khalaf,N.A.(1987).A Trip to Kuwait Zoo, State of Kuwait.Gazelle.No.13.(in Arabic).
Khalaf,N.A.(1987).Blue Whales (Balaenoptera musculus) from the State of Kuwait, Arabian Gulf.Gazelle.No.14.
Khalaf,N.A.(1987).The Coelacanth (Latimeria chalumnae) in the Science and Natural History Museum, State of Kuwait.Gazelle.No.15.
Khalaf,N.A.(1987).On a Collection of Devon Period Animal Fossils from the Saarland, in the Geologische Museum Saarberg in Saarbruecken, Germany.Gazelle.No.15.
Khalaf,N.A.(1987).The Great White Shark (Carcharodon carcharias) from the State of Kuwait, Arabian Gulf.Gazelle.No.16.
Khalaf,N.A.(1988).The Arabian Oryx (Oryx leucoryx) in Palestine.Gazelle.No.17.
Khalaf,N.A.(1988)..The Honey Badger in Kuwait Zoo,State of Kuwait.Gazelle.No.18.(in Arabic).
Khalaf,N.A.(1989).Notes on the Caracal Lynx (Caracal caracal).Gazelle.No.19.(in Arabic).
Khalaf,N.A.(1990).The Wolf (canis lupus) in Palestine.Gazelle.No.20.
Khalaf,N.A.(1991).A Trip to Zoo Budapest, Hungary.Gazelle.No.21.
Khalaf,N.A.(1991).The Otter (Lutra lutra) in Palestine.Gazelle.No.22.
Khalaf,N.A.(1991).The Gulf War and its effect on the Arabian Ecosystem (Part One).Gazelle.No.23.
Khalaf,N.A.(1991).The Gulf War and its effect on the Arabian Ecosystem (Part Two).Gazelle.No.24.
Khalaf,N.A.(1991).The Gulf War and its effect on the Arabian Ecosystem (Part Three).Gazelle.No.25.
Khalaf,N.A.(1992).The Minke Whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) in the Zoologisches Forschungsinstitut und Museum Alexander Koenig, Bonn, Germany.Gazelle.No.26.
Khalaf,N.A.(1992).Die Dinosaurier Ausstellung im Museum Alexander Koenig in Bonn,Bundesrepublik Deutschland.Gazelle.No.27.
Khalaf,N.A.(1992).Kaiser Friedrich II. (1194-1250) und die Falken.Gazelle.No.28.
Khalaf,N.A.(1992).Notes on the Biological Ecology of the Marshes in Southern Iraq.Gazelle.No.29.(in Arabic).
Khalaf,N.A.(1992).An Introduction to the Animal Life in Palestine.Gazelle.No.30.(in Arabic).
Khalaf,N.A.(1993).The Water and the Ecological Problems in the Occupied West Bank and Gaza Strip (as part of the Middle East).Gazelle.No.31.(in Arabic).
Khalaf,N.A.(1994).Notes on the Black Kite (Milvus migrans) in Palestine and the Arabic World and Europe.Gazelle.No.32.(in Arabic).
Khalaf,N.A.(1995).The Fishes of Palestine.Gazelle.No.33 (in Arabic).<br>                                                                                              Khalaf-von Jaffa, Norman Ali (2004). Gazelle : Das Palaestinensische Biologische Bulletin. Eine Wissenschaftliche Reise in Palaestina, Arabien und Europa zwischen 1983 - 2004. Gazelle : The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. A Scientific Journey in Palestine, Arabia and Europe between 1983 - 2004. Erste Auflage, juli 2004: 452 Seiten. Zweite erweiterte Auflage, August 2004: 460 Seiten. Norman Ali Khalaf, Bonn-Bad Godesberg, Germany.
Khalaf-von Jaffa, Norman Ali (2005). The Leopards of Palestine. Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. No.41.
Khalaf,N.A.The Schooling of Sumatra Barbs(Barbus tetrazona tetrazona) and Minnows(Phoxinus phoxinus).M.Sc.Dissertation in 1986.Departments of Zoology and Botany,University of Durham,England.
Kingdon,Jonathan(1991).Arabian Mammals:A Natural History.London.
Kock,D.(1983).Identifizierung der Palaestina-Genetten von J.Aharoni als Vormela peregusna (Gueldenstaedt,1770).Z.Saeugetierk.
Koeppel,S.J.(1930).Palaestina.Die Landschaft in Karten und Bildern.
Kowalski,K.,B.Rzebik-Kowalska(1991).Mammals of Algeria.Polish Academy of Sciences,Warsaw.
Kuronuma,K. and Abe,Y.(1972).Fishes of Kuwait.Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research.
Lipscombe Vincett,Betty A.(1982).Animal Life in Saudi Arabia.Italy.
Mahdi,N.(1967).First record of Bryde's Whale (Balaenoptera edeni,Anderson) from Arab Gulf.Iraq.
Makin,David and H.Mendelssohn(1985).Insectivorous Bats Victims of Israeli Campaign.Bats.Vol.2,No.4 : 1-4.Home Page.
Malouf,Maj.-General Amin.An Arabic Zoological Dictionary.Beirut.
Meinertzhagen,Colonel R.(1954).Birds Of Arabia.Edinburgh.
Mendelssohn,H.(1982).Wolves in Israel.In:Harrington,F.H. and Paquet P.C.(Editors),Wolves of the World.New Jersey.
Mendelssohn,H.(1985).Wild Cats in Israel.Cat News.Number 10.Home Page.
Mojetta,Angelo(1995).Red Sea: An Underwater Paradise.
Nehring,A.(1902).Ueber einen neuen Sumpfluchs (Luncus chrysomelanotis) aus Palaestina.Berlin.
Noth,M.(Herausgeber).Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palaestina-Vereins.Wiesbaden.
Oldest leopard in Israel dies.20/11/1998.Jewish Bulletin of Northern California Online.
Orni,Efraim and Efrat,Elisha(1966).Geography of Israel.Jerusalem.
Palestine Encyclopedia.(1984).Damascus.
Paz,Uzi and Yossi Eshbol(1987)The Birds of Israel.London.
Pearson,Bruce and Burton,John A.(1984).Zoo Animals.London and Glasgow.
Peled,Yuval(2001).The Arava Acacia.Eretz Weekly.25/2/ Page.
Porter,J.L.(1889).Through Samaria to Galilee and the Jordan.London,Edinburgh,New York.
Preiss,Ludwig und Rohrbach,Paul(1925).Palaestina und das Ostjordanland.Stuttgart.
Qumsiyeh,M.B.(1980).New records of bats from Jordan.Saeugetierk.Mitt.28:36-39.
Qumsiyeh,Mazin B.(1996).Mammals of the Holy Land.Texas Tech University Press.
Qumsiyeh,M.B.,Schlitter,D.,Disi,A.(1986).New records and Karyotypes of mammals from Jordan.Z.Saeugetierk.
Qumsiyeh,M.B.,Disi,A.,Amr,Z.S.(1992).Systematics and Distribution of the Bats (Mammalia:Chiroptera) of Jordan.Dirasat.
Qumsiyeh,M.B.,Amr,Z.S.,Shafei,D.M.(1993).Status and conservation of carnivores in Jordan.Mammalia.
Qumsiyeh,M.B.,Amr,Z.S.,Budairi,A.(1996).The Status and conservation of Artiodactylia in Jordan.Mammalia.
Qumsiyeh,M.B.,Amr,Z.S.,Al-Oran,R.(1998).Further records of Bats from Jordan and a Synopsis.Turkish Journal of Zoology.
Randall,Dr.John E.(1986).Sharks of Arabia.London.
Randall,J.E. and Levy,M.F.(1976).A Near-Fatal Shark Attack by a Mako in the Northern Red Sea.Israel Journal of Zoology.
Relyea,Kenneth(1981).Inshore Fishes of the Arabian Gulf.London.
Ricardo-Bertram,L.K.(1944).Abridged Report on the Fish and Fishery of lake Tiberias.Department of Agriculture and Fisheries,Palestine.
Roberts,T.J.(1977).The Mammals of Pakistan.London.
Salvadori,F. und Cozzaglio,P.(1990).Seltene Tiere.Stuttgart.
Schluter,Per(1988).The Brown Fish Owl in Israel.Israel Land and Nature.
Schouten van der Velden,Adriaan(1992).Tierwelt der Bibel.Stuttgart.
Sheppard,C. and Price,A.(1991).Will marine life survive the Gulf War?.New Scientist.
Singh,Arjan(1982).Prince of Cats.London
Smith,J.L.B.(1940).A living coelacanthid fish from South Africa.South Africa.
SMU Paleontologists publish findings of Fossil Snake with legs.SMU News.Dallas.March 16, 2000.Home Page.
Stanley-Price,M.(1986).The reintroduction of the Arabian Oryx(Oryx leucoryx)into Oman.International Zoo Yearbook.
Steinitz,H.(1951).The Fishes of Ein Feshkha,Palestine.Nature.
Steinitz,H.(1953).The Freshwater fishes of Palestine.An annotated List.Bulletin of the Research Council of Israel.
Steinitz,H.(1954).The Distribution and Evolution of the Freshwater Fishes of Palestine.Istanbul.
Steinitz,W.(1927).Beitraege zur Kenntnis der Kuesten Fauna Palaestinas.Napoli.
Tal,Duby and Haramati,Moni(1990).Skyline: Israel from above.Ministry of Defence,Israel.
Talbot,L.M.A.(1960).A Look at threatened species.A report on some animals of the Middlle East and southern Asia which are threatened with extermination.Oryx.
Talhouk,A.;Buettiker,W.;Gasperetti,J.;Gasperetti,P.;Massey,D.(1981).The Wildlife of Arabia.London.
The Ein Gedi Reserve (Getting Israel Together).Home Page.
Thesiger,Wilfred(1978).Arabian Sands.Harmondsworth,Middlesex,England.
Trewavas,E.(1942).The Cichlid Fishes of Syria and Palestine.
Tristram,H.B.(1866).Report on the Mammals of Palestine.London
Tristram,H.B.(1867).The Natural History of the Bible.Soc.for promoting Christian Knowledge Pub.London.
Tristram,H.B.(1876).Note on the discovery of the Roebuck (Cervus capreolus) in Palestine.London.
Tristram,H.B.(1884).Fauna and Flora of Palestine.The Survey of Western Palestine.London.
Velander,Kathryn Ann(1980).Social Interactions in Captive Weasels (Mustela nivalis).Ph.D.University of Edinburgh.
Vesey Fitzgerald,D.F.(1952).Wild Life in Arabia.Oryx.
Von Lehmann,E.(1965).Ueber die Saeugetiere in Waldgebiet N.W.Syriens.Berlin
Von Lehmann,E.(1966).Taxonomische Bemerkungen zur Saeugerausbeute der Kumerloeveschen Orientreisen 1953-1965.Zoologische Beitraege.
Wagner,Frederic H.(1980).Wildlife of the Deserts.London.
Washbourn,R. and Jones,R.F.(1938).Report of the Percy Sladen Expedition to Lake Huleh.Contribution to the study of the Freshwater Fish of Palestine.
Wassif,K. and Hoogstraal,H.(1954).The Mammals of S.Sinai,Egypt.Proc.Egypt.Acad,Sci.
Weisbein,Y. and Mendelssohn,H.(1989/90).The Biology and Ecology of the Caracal (Felis caracal) in the northern Aravah Valley of Israel.Cat News.Issue Number 12.Home Page.
Willemsen,Carl Arnold(1991).Das Falkenbuch Kaiser Friedrichs der Zweite.Nach der Prachthandschrift in der Vatikanischen Bibliothek.
Wright,Minerva(2002).The Donkeys of the Holy Home Page.
Yom-Tov,Yoram(1986).Otters between Extinction and Survival.Israel Land and Nature.
Zohary,M.(1962).Plant Life of Palestine.New York.


Gazelle - The Palestinian Biological Bulletin